The ancient Guidobono Cavalchini Castle was built by Umberto III il Beato di Savoia around the year 1171.
The inhabited central portion of the castle has undergone various extensions and changes in design over the past centuries. The original castle included five circular towers, which one accessed through a drawbridge. A large cliff made the castle inaccessible on the side facing the river Dora. During the 13th century, it was to a large extent destroyed by the people of Turin, as part of their war against Tommaso di Savoia and reconstructed at the end of the century by Guglielmo VII di Monferrato.
The castle and the surrounding feudal territory of Collegno belonged to a branch of the princes of Acaja of the House of Savoy, counts of Collegno. After the last prince of Acaja of the House of Savoy died heirless, Carlo Emanuele I Duke of Savoy gave the feudal territory to Giovanni Francesco Provana di Carignano who thus became in 1599 the first Count Provana di Collegno.